A typhoid vaccine can help prevent typhoid fever. Both persons who have the sickness and those who are hosts of the germs can spread typhoid fever to other people. Consuming contaminated food or beverages can result in typhoid fever because the germs multiply, spread throughout the body, and enter the bloodstream. The typhoid virus can be lethal. Infection is indicated by a consistently high temperature, weakness, headache, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, coughing, and loss of appetite. People who do not obtain treatment for their fever may experience it for weeks or months. Up to 30% of those who do not receive treatment for typhoid fever pass away as a consequence. In many regions of the world, drug-resistant typhoid bacteria have become increasingly prevalent, leaving fewer options for antibiotic therapy. Typhoid fever is treatable, but up to 30% of patients who do not receive it die as a result. Typhoid bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics are becoming more common in many parts of the world, which limits the number of antibiotic treatments available. The CDC reports that typhoid fever is common in many parts of the world, including parts of East and Southeast Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. Typhoid fever does not occur regularly in the US.
What symptoms and indications are present in typhoid fever?
According to the CDC, typically, people develop a persistent temperature that can reach 103–104°F (39–40°C). An ongoing fever is referred to as a persistent fever.
The following are additional signs of typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever.
- Abdominal pain
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Reduced appetite
A rash of flat, rose-colored patches might appear on certain patients who have typhoid fever or paratyphoid fever.You can still be hosting Salmonella Typhi or Salmonella Paratyphi even if your symptoms seem to go away. If so, you run the risk of getting sick again or spreading the infection to other people. Some people might not be able to go back to work until a medical professional certifies that they are free of the bacterium. These individuals consist of caregivers, healthcare professionals, and food handlers.
These measures can reduce the risk of spreading the infection to someone else if you are receiving treatment for typhoid fever or paratyphoid fever.
- Take antibiotics as directed by your doctor and for as long as necessary.
- After using the restroom, carefully wash your hands with soap and water.
- For other people, do not prepare or serve food.